Category: Religious Studies

Religious Studies

2 Kings 4: 42-44 vs John 6: 1-15

2nd Kings 4:42-44


A man came from Baal-shalishah bringing the man of God twenty barely loaves made from the first fruits, and fresh grain in the ear. “Give it to the people to eat,” Elisha said.


But his servant objected, “How can I set this before a hundred men?” “Give it to the people to eat,” Elisha insisted. “For thus says the LORD, ‘They shall eat and there shall be some left over.'”


And when they had eaten, there was some left over, as the LORD had said.

John 6: 1-15


After this, Jesus went across the Sea of Galilee (of Tiberias).


A large crowd followed him, because they saw the signs he was performing on the sick.


Jesus went up on the mountain, and there he sat down with his disciples.


The Jewish feast of Passover was near.


When Jesus raised his eyes and saw that a large crowd was coming to him, he said to Philip, “Where can we buy enough food for them to eat?”


He said this to test him, because he himself knew what he was going to do.


Philip answered him, “Two hundred days’ wages 5 worth of food would not be enough for each of them to have a little (bit).”


One of his disciples, Andrew, the brother of Simon Peter, said to him,


“There is a boy here who has five barley loaves 6 and two fish; but what good are these for so many?”


Jesus said, “Have the people recline.” Now there was a great deal of grass in that place. So the men reclined, about five thousand in number.


Then Jesus took the loaves, gave thanks, and distributed them to those who were reclining, and also as much of the fish as they wanted.


When they had had their fill, he said to his disciples, “Gather the fragments left over, so that nothing will be wasted.”


So they collected them, and filled twelve wicker baskets 8 with fragments from the five barley loaves that had been more than they could eat.


When the people saw the sign he had done, they said, “This is truly the Prophet, the one who is to come into the world.”


Since Jesus knew that they were going to come and carry him off to make him king, he withdrew again to the mountain alone.

Religious Studies

July 12 Daily Readings

Monday Readings:

  • Exodus 1:8-14, 22
  • Psalm 124:1-8
  • Matthew 10:34 – 11:1

Exodus 1:8 “A new king arose over Egypt who did not know Joseph.”

Human beings tend to forget much more quickly about the good others have done for them than the bad others have done to them.

Pharaoh initiates campaign against the Israelites ultimately attempted genocide (verse 9) the people execute (verse 11, 13, 14) – collective guilt

verse 13 “the Egyptians ruthelessly imposed upon the Israelites”

Massive evil requires: ordinary people to become indoctrinated by the truly evil, people who benefit from the evil, and a paucity of courageous good people.

Psalm 124 – thankful song, thanking G-d he was “on our side […] when our enemies attacked us”

Matthew 10:34

  • Complacency can be defined as “self-satisfaction accompanied by unawareness of actual dangers or deficiencies”.
  • no creature, not even our parents, can bring us to the fullness of life and happiness that comes only from G-d.

Why does the Catholic bible have additional books? The Catholic Bible contains all the books that have traditionally been accepted by Christians since the Canon of Scripture was recognized by the Synod of Rome in 382. The earliest Christians did not have an exactly defined canon of Scripture. Concerning the books of the Old Testament, the early Church generally used the Septuagint (the Greek translation of the Old Testament, translated about 250 B.C.). There was a difference within Judaism before Christ about the Old Testament. The Alexandrian canon was the longer canon and was the basis for the Septuagint. After the Temple was destroyed in 70 A.D. the Jewish Council of Jamma eventually rejected the longer Alexandrian canon. Their reason was that they only had Greek texts of these books which at that time was considered “un-Jewish.” They did not know at the time that the Hebrew originals of these books existed. But the decision of the Jews at Jamma (ca. 91 A.D.) is irrelevant for the determination of the canon of Scripture for Christians, for the Holy Spirit had passed to the Church at Pentecost and the legitimate authority for determining the canon was the early Church. There was some debate within the early Church as to the legitimacy of these “deuterocanonical” books. But Jerome translated all of them in the Vulgate, and the early Church recognized them at the Synod of Rome in 382.

Religious Studies

What Indeed Hath Athens to do With Jerusalem?

. . .that human wisdom which pretends to know the truth, whilst it only corrupts it, and is itself divided into its own manifold heresies, by the variety of its mutually repugnant sects. What indeed has Athens to do with Jerusalem? What concord is there between the Academy and the Church? what between heretics and Christians?

Tertullian, Prescription Against Heretics

Moreover, if those who are called philosophers, and especially the Platonists, have said aught that is true and in harmony with our faith, we are not only not to shrink from it, but to claim it for our own use from those who have unlawful possession of it. For, as the Egyptians had not only the idols and heavy burdens which the people of Israel hated and fled from, but  also vessels and ornaments of gold and silver, and garments, which the same people when going out of Egypt appropriated to themselves, designing them for a better use, not doing this on their own authority, but by the command of God, the Egyptians themselves, in their ignorance, providing them with things which they themselves, were not making a good use of; in the same way all branches of heathen learning have not only false and superstitious fancies and heavy burdens of unnecessary toil, which every one of us, when going out under the leadership of Christ from the fellowship of the heathen, ought to abhor and avoid; but they contain also liberal instruction which is better adapted to the use of the truth, and some most excellent precepts of morality; and some truths in regard even to the worship of the One God are found among them. Now these are, so to speak, their gold and silver, which they did not create themselves, but dug out of the mines of God’s providence which are everywhere scattered abroad, and are perversely and unlawfully prostituting to the worship of devils. These, therefore, the Christian, when he separates himself in spirit from the miserable fellowship of these men, ought to take away from them, and to devote to their proper use in preaching the gospel. Their garments, also,—that is, human institutions such as are adapted to that intercourse with men which is indispensable in this life,—we must take and turn to a Christian use.

Augustine, On Christian Doctrine, Book I.40

Theology, while saying that a special illumination has been vouchsafed to Christians and (earlier) to Jews, also says that there is some divine illumination vouchsafed to all men. The Divine light, we are told, ‘lighteneth every man.’ We should, therefore, expect to find in the imagination of great Pagan teachers and myth makers some glimpse of that theme which we believe to be the very plot of the whole cosmic: story – the theme of incarnation, death, and rebirth. And the differences between the Pagan Christs (Balder, Osiris, etc.) and the Christ Himself is much what we should expect to find. The Pagan stories are all about someone dying and rising, either every year, or else nobody knows where and nobody knows when.

Lewis, “Is Theology Poetry?,” Weight of Glory