Aristotle – Student of Plato
Plato – Student of Socrates
Socrates advocated finding truth through conversation to ensure understanding. Socrates believed writing arguments could lead to error via misunderstandings.
Figure out how each piece of the truth fits together.
Nicomachean Ethics was a lecture course given to students in his academy – specifically directed toward students with political aspirations.
Techne – a technical art or craft
Every art and every inquiry, and similarly every action as well as choice, is held to aim at some good. (Ethics in this case is beginning with individual action. Aim at something that we think, individually, will be good for us.) Good desires built in to our nature. Good = we want it. Good is a goal or aim. Humans are based on action (praxis).
Some things we do for their own sake, some things we do for the sake of something else.
Household management (economia, economics, the pursuit of wealth)
What is the ultimate goal? What is the ultimate goal of being a human? – there is some overarching goal and “point” to life. What would that be if it exists?
What is the art or science in dealing with the ultimate good? Architectonic = politics which results in the good life for individuals and community.
Adequate inquiry = clarity // not seeking precision in all arguments alike
Does not matter that there are exceptions to the rule – looking for things that are true in general and “true for the most part” – Similar to class action lawsuits, correlative isn’t always causative, not a strict mathematical standard, example: chemical dumping causing cancers.