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Religious Studies

July 12 Daily Readings

Monday Readings:

  • Exodus 1:8-14, 22
  • Psalm 124:1-8
  • Matthew 10:34 – 11:1

Exodus 1:8 “A new king arose over Egypt who did not know Joseph.”

Human beings tend to forget much more quickly about the good others have done for them than the bad others have done to them.

Pharaoh initiates campaign against the Israelites ultimately attempted genocide (verse 9) the people execute (verse 11, 13, 14) – collective guilt

verse 13 “the Egyptians ruthelessly imposed upon the Israelites”

Massive evil requires: ordinary people to become indoctrinated by the truly evil, people who benefit from the evil, and a paucity of courageous good people.

Psalm 124 – thankful song, thanking G-d he was “on our side […] when our enemies attacked us”

Matthew 10:34

  • Complacency can be defined as “self-satisfaction accompanied by unawareness of actual dangers or deficiencies”.
  • no creature, not even our parents, can bring us to the fullness of life and happiness that comes only from G-d.

Why does the Catholic bible have additional books? The Catholic Bible contains all the books that have traditionally been accepted by Christians since the Canon of Scripture was recognized by the Synod of Rome in 382. The earliest Christians did not have an exactly defined canon of Scripture. Concerning the books of the Old Testament, the early Church generally used the Septuagint (the Greek translation of the Old Testament, translated about 250 B.C.). There was a difference within Judaism before Christ about the Old Testament. The Alexandrian canon was the longer canon and was the basis for the Septuagint. After the Temple was destroyed in 70 A.D. the Jewish Council of Jamma eventually rejected the longer Alexandrian canon. Their reason was that they only had Greek texts of these books which at that time was considered “un-Jewish.” They did not know at the time that the Hebrew originals of these books existed. But the decision of the Jews at Jamma (ca. 91 A.D.) is irrelevant for the determination of the canon of Scripture for Christians, for the Holy Spirit had passed to the Church at Pentecost and the legitimate authority for determining the canon was the early Church. There was some debate within the early Church as to the legitimacy of these “deuterocanonical” books. But Jerome translated all of them in the Vulgate, and the early Church recognized them at the Synod of Rome in 382.

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